Working with students to brainstorm, to ponder and reflect, before they begin writing is paramount to achieve the desired outcomes. Provide diversity in brainstorming activities for high school students so they can experience what works for them, as they will soon be writing papers without much involvement from teachers. Here are easily adaptable brainstorming activities.
Prewriting Strategies Pre-writing strategies use writing to generate and clarify ideas. While many writers have traditionally created outlines before beginning writing, there are other possible prewriting activities. Five useful strategies are brainstormingclusteringfree writingloopingand asking the six journalists' questions Brainstorming Brainstorming, also called listing, is a process of generating a lot of information within a short time by building on the association of previous terms you have mentioned.
Jot down all the possible terms that emerge from the general topic you are thinking about.
This procedure works especially well if you work in a team. All team members can generate ideas, with one member acting as scribe. Don't worry about editing or throwing out what might not be a good idea.
Simply write down a lot of possibilities. Group the items that you have listed according to arrangements that make sense to you. Give each group a label. Now you have a topic with possible points of development. Write a sentence about the label you have given the group of ideas. Now you have a topic sentence or possibly a thesis statement.
Clustering Clustering is also called mind mapping or idea mapping. It is a strategy that allows you to explore the relationships between ideas. Put the subject in the center of a page. Circle or underline it. As you think of other ideas, link the new ideas to the central circle with lines.
As you think of ideas that relate to the new ideas, add to those in the same way. The result will look like a web on your page. Locate clusters of interest to you, and use the terms you attached to the key ideas as departure points for your paper.
Clustering is especially useful in determining the relationship between ideas. You will be able to distinguish how the ideas fit together, especially where there is an abundance of ideas.
Clustering your ideas lets you see them visually in a different way, so that you can more readily understand possible directions your paper may take. Freewriting Free-writing is a process of generating a lot of information by writing non-stop. It allows you to focus on a specific topic, but forces you to write so quickly that you are unable to edit any of your ideas.
Free-write on the assignment or general topic for several minutes non-stop. Force yourself to continue writing even if nothing specific comes to mind. This free-writing will include many ideas; at this point, generating ideas is what is important, not the grammar or the spelling.
After you've finished free-writing, look back over what you have written and highlight the most prominent and interesting ideas; then you can begin all over again, with a tighter focus.
You will narrow your topic and, in the process, you will generate several relevant points about the topic. Looping Looping is a free-writing technique that allows you to increasingly focus your ideas in trying to discover a writing topic.
You loop one minute free-writing after another, so you have a sequence of free-writings, each more specific than the other. The same rules that apply to free-writing apply to looping: Free-write on an assignment for minutes.
Then, read through your free-writing, looking for interesting topics, ideas, phrases, or sentences. Circle those you find interesting.
A variation on looping is to have a classmate circle ideas in your free-writing that interests him or her. Then free-write again for minutes on one of the circled topics. You should end up with a more specific free-writing about a particular topic.Pre-writing strategies use writing to generate and clarify ideas.
While many writers have traditionally created outlines before beginning writing, there are other possible prewriting activities.
Five useful strategies are brainstorming, clustering, free writing, looping, and asking the six journalists' questions. Brainstorming Activity by: Trish Kuffner, author of The Children's Busy Book According to Susan K. Perry in Playing Smart, the more a child uses brainstorming skills, .
When it comes to brainstorming, it's not about writing prepositional phrases, but it's about imagining the problem or project you are working on to be like that box.
What if you took a swing at it from the other side? From under it? From ahead of it? What is Prewriting (Brainstorming)? Prewriting activities help you generate and refine paper-topic ideas. Most writers begin with only a vague or superficial idea of what they want to write about. What is Prewriting (Brainstorming)?
Prewriting activities help you generate and refine paper-topic ideas. Most writers begin with only a vague or superficial idea of what they want to write about. Brainstorming (often called prewriting) is all of the writing and thinking about writing that you do before you actually start writing a paper.
Many people brainstorm in their heads, which is .