Results of this evaluation reveal the presence of an Avoidant Personality Disorder, as evidenced by list the relevant DSM criteria. This patient displays a chronic inability to establish and maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships or to maintain employment. He is relatively anxious individual who experiences marked internal conflicts over dependency issues. He has intense, unmet needs for attention and affection.
The terms used for each dichotomy have specific technical meanings relating to the MBTI, which differ from their everyday usage. For example, people who prefer judgment over perception are not necessarily more "judgmental" or less "perceptive", nor does the MBTI instrument measure aptitude ; it simply indicates for one preference over another.
Point scores on each of the dichotomies can vary considerably from person to person, even among those with the same type. However, Isabel Myers considered the direction of the preference for example, E vs.
I to be more important than the degree of the preference for example, very clear vs. The preferences interact through type dynamics and type development. Extraversion means literally outward-turning and introversion, inward-turning.
Extraversion is the spelling used in MBTI publications. The preferences for extraversion and introversion are often called " attitudes ".
Briggs and Myers recognized that each of the cognitive functions can operate in the external world of behavior, action, people, and things "extraverted attitude" or the internal world of ideas and reflection "introverted attitude".
The MBTI assessment sorts for an overall preference for one or the other. People who prefer extraversion draw energy from action: If they are inactive, their motivation tends to decline. To rebuild their energy, extraverts need breaks from time spent in reflection.
Conversely, those who prefer introversion "expend" energy through action: To rebuild their energy, introverts need quiet time alone, away from activity. Contrasting characteristics between extraverted and introverted people include: Extraverted are action-oriented, while introverted are thought-oriented.
Extraverted seek breadth of knowledge and influence, while introverted seek depth of knowledge and influence. Extraverted often prefer more frequent interaction, while introverted prefer more substantial interaction. Extraverted recharge and get their energy from spending time with people, while introverted recharge and get their energy from spending time alone; they consume their energy through the opposite process.
Sensing and intuition are the information-gathering perceiving functions. They describe how new information is understood and interpreted. People who prefer sensing are more likely to trust information that is in the present, tangible, and concrete: They tend to distrust hunches, which seem to come "out of nowhere".
For them, the meaning is in the data. On the other hand, those who prefer intuition tend to trust information that is less dependent upon the senses, that can be associated with other information either remembered or discovered by seeking a wider context or pattern.
They may be more interested in future possibilities.Curriculum Based Assessment/Measurement Developed by: David C. Rogers, Ph.D., St. Cloud State University CBM is a method for measuring student achievement based on what is taught in the classroom and comparing individual achievement to class, school, or district norms.
C. Reliability and Validity In order for assessments to be sound, they must be free of bias and distortion. Reliability and validity are two concepts that are important for defining and measuring bias and distortion. Improving the accuracy of a survey is the focus of Mark S.
Litwin′s book, which shows how to assess and interpret the quality of survey data by thoroughly examining the survey instrument used. The CFT has prepared guides to a variety of teaching topics with summaries of best practices, links to other online resources, and information about local Vanderbilt resources.
Graphology (or graphoanalysis, but not graphanalysis) is the analysis of the physical characteristics and patterns of handwriting claiming to be able to identify the writer, indicating psychological state at the time of writing, or evaluating personality characteristics.
It is generally considered a pseudoscience. The term is sometimes incorrectly used to refer to forensic document examination. Peggy O'Neill, Cindy Moore, and Brian Huot explain in A Guide To College Writing Assessment that reliability and validity are the most important terms in discussing best practices in writing assessment.
In the first wave of writing assessment, the emphasis is on reliability: reliability confronts questions over the consistency of a test.
In this wave, the central concern was to assess writing with the best .