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Download PDF Gender parity and human capital The development and deployment of human capital is a critical element of economic growth and social inclusion in all countries.
The results show how countries have and have not prioritized gender equality in their quest for optimizing human capital. In the top right are economies that have both high human capital and low gender gaps, indicating an even spread of opportunities. In the top left are countries that have high human capital and large gender gaps.
There are few countries in this space—countries cannot have very high human capital if their gender gaps are large because women are one half of the population. In the bottom right are countries where the human capital is low but the gender gaps are small, indicating an even spread of opportunities, even if those opportunities are limited overall.
It also looks at the key outcomes and contextual factors within economic participation of women and men, examining both paid and unpaid work, and the impact of care and demographics. Educational Attainment Despite some regional variation, globally today, young women and men entering the labour force have almost identical levels of educational qualifications.
Seen another way, in 62 countries primary education gaps have been closed, in 90 countries secondary education gaps have been closed, and in 95 countries tertiary education gaps have been closed.
Among women and men over age 25 and already in the workforce, the educational gender gap with regard to level of qualifications held is larger. However, these gaps have narrowed significantly in current educational enrolment, which will be reflected in the composition of the future workforce.
For example, since the rate of enrolment in tertiary education of young women currently surpasses that of young men, each year, an extra 4 million young women graduates are beginning to reverse the tertiary education gap of the previous generation at the global level.
The list of countries underperforming on this subindex is dominated by those from lower-income groups, indicating specific barriers to evenly educating their populations.
Still, some low-income countries outperform their more affluent peers. India, Pakistan, Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia are among those countries showing strong gains in the 11 years sincewith varying starting points. The outliers are countries such as Nigeria and Angola which continue to have relatively wide education gender gaps, and have hardly improved for more than a decade.
North America has completely closed its education gender gap.
If all things remain equal, Latin America and the Caribbean as well as South Asia are expected to close their education gender gaps in the next five years.
Ten years from now, the Middle East and North Africa region should see its education gender gap narrow to a close. East Asia and the Pacific and Sub-Saharan Africa will close their education gender gaps in 21 and 33 years respectively, while Eastern Europe and Central Asia boast a much slower rate of change, projecting the time of education parity to be 87 years.
The real concern remains Western Europe, which despite its high performance has seen decline rather than improvement over the past 11 years. Women work three times as often as men as contributing family workers in family enterprises, and are almost twice more likely to work part-time.
Education gains have not always translated into economic gains for women. Even though there is near gender parity in employment for professional and technical workers, reflecting in part the equal education and skills levels among women and men with tertiary education, women hold less than a third of senior roles.
Iceland, Norway, France, Latvia and Finland. There also continues to be a persistent wage gap in paid work.Lund University is the #1 choice for international students in Sweden, with one third of all students choosing Lund University programmes.
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China has great physical srmvision.com eastern plains and southern coasts of the country consist of fertile lowlands and foothills and is the location of most of China's agricultural output and human population.
Cherokee County Prospector: Economic Development Available sites, buildings, demographics, businesses and GIS mapping Gaucho herding cattle on a ranch in central Uruguay. Carl Frank/Photo Researchers; This combination of open space and low population density has afforded Uruguay many opportunities for economic . Geography. Resources for students and teachers of geography. Discover the world with articles, fact sheets, maps and more that explore landscapes, peoples, places, and environments both near and far.
Geological processes, weather and climate shape the planet on which we live and concentrate the resources on which we depend. For more information on other active volcanoes in the region, see the Natural hazards - volcanism subfield in the Geography section under either Chile or Argentina.
Image courtesy of USGS. Dimensions. File Size. Download. X Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the s, contributed to steady growth, .
(source: Los Medios y Mercados de Latinoamérica ) The interpretation of such socio-economic data is highly problematic and controversial. The data made it clear that the persons of white european descent have the best socio-economic conditions.
The United Nations list of nations doesn't include Taiwan as separate but as a part of China: U.N. member nations and two nonvoting observer states, the Vatican City and Palestine.