Cultural considerations

The perception of mental illness within the cultural dynamics may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and reintegration of an individual with schizophrenia. As culture influences the ways individuals communicate and manifest symptoms of mental illness, style of coping, support system, and willingness to seek treatment may be affected as well. The role of folk healing among minority cultures is explored. The purpose of this paper is to review the illness and to examine the cultural and demographic factors for schizophrenia.

Cultural considerations

Cooperation Cooperation is highly valued. The value placed on cooperation is strongly rooted in the past, when cooperation was necessary for the survival of family and group.

Because of strong feelings of group solidarity, competition within the group is rare. There is security in being a member of the group and Cultural considerations not being singled out and placed in a position above or below others. The sense of cooperation is so strong in many tribal communities that democracy means consent by consensus, not by majority rule.

Agreement and cooperation among tribal members are all-important. This value is often at odds with the competitive spirit emphasized in the dominant society. A common result of the disparity between cooperation and competition is that, under certain circumstances, when a fellow Indian student does not answer a question in class, some Cultural considerations children may state they too do not know the answer, even though they might.


This practice stems from their noncompetitive culture and concern that other individuals do not lose face. Group Harmony Emphasis is placed on the group and the importance of maintaining harmony within the group. Most Indians have a low ego level and strive for anonymity. They stress the importance of personal orientation social harmony rather than task orientation.

The needs of the group are considered over those of the individual. This value is often at variance with the concept of rugged individualism. One result of the difference between group and individual emphasis is that internal conflict may result since the accent in most schools in generally on work for personal gain, not on group work.

The Indian child may not forge ahead as an independent person and my prefer to work with and for the group. Some educators consider this to be behavior that should be discouraged and modified.

Modesty The value of modesty is emphasized.

Communicating Across Cultures

Even when one does well and achieves something, one must remain modest. Boasting and loud behavior that attract attention to oneself are discouraged.

Indian children and their parents may not speak freely of their various accomplishments e. Therefore, non-Indians are generally unaware of special achievements. Regarding the matter of physical modesty, many Indian student experience difficulty and embarrassment in physical education classes and similar classes in which students are required to undress in front of others.

People are not meant to be controlled.

Cultural considerations

One is taught not to interfere in the affairs of another. Children are afforded the same respect as adults. Indians support the rights of an individual. One does not volunteer advice until it is asked for.The purpose of this paper is to review the illness and to examine the cultural and demographic factors for schizophrenia.

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